Reverse power control method of data transmission for wireless local loop

US 6 912 213B2

drawing #0

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A reverse power control method for a WLL is disclosed, in which the number of times of power control value transmission is reduced to 1. The disclosed method complements the related method, in which the power control of a radio interface unit is performed in units of 0.5 dB, so that power is controlled more concretely and flexibly. Unnecessary power consumption due to power control in the WLL system is thus reduced, and the load of the system is reduced, improving the reliability of the communication system.

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Claims

1. A reverse power control method for a wireless local loop, comprising:
determining whether packet data is transmitted from a radio interface unit (RIU);
calculating an average power value if data is transmitted;
determining whether further packet data is transmitted from the RIU after calculating the average power value;
calculating a power control value to be applied to the RIU; and
wirelessly transmitting the calculated power control value to the RIU,
wherein calculating the average power includes calculating an average value of a current transmission interval based on a calculated average power of a previous transmission interval.

Show 3 dependent claims

5. A reverse power control method for a wireless local loop, comprising:
determining whether packet data is transmitted from a radio interface unit (RIU);
calculating an average power value if data is transmitted;
determining whether further packet data is transmitted from the RIU after calculating the average power value;
calculating a power control value to be applied to the RIU; and
wirelessly transmitting the calculated power control value to the RIU; and
setting an initial value PT to a correction value PO if it is determined that no packet data is transmitted from the RIU, and determining again whether packet data is transmitted.
6. A reverse power control method for a wireless local loop, comprising:
determining whether packet data is transmitted from a radio interface unit (RIU);
calculating an average power value if data is transmitted;
determining whether further packet data is transmitted from the RIU after calculating the average power value;
calculating a power control value to be applied to the RIU; and
wirelessly transmitting the calculated power control value to the RIU,
wherein the standard of determination in the determining steps is a traffic channel power value, and if the traffic channel power value is lower than a threshold value, a determination is made that no packet data has been transmitted, and if the traffic channel power value is higher than the threshold value, a determination is made that packet data has been transmitted.

Show dependent claim

8. A reverse power control method for a wireless local loop, comprising:
determining whether packet data is transmitted from a radio interface unit (RIU);
calculating an average power value if data is transmitted;
determining whether further packet data is transmitted from the RIU after calculating the average power value;
calculating a power control value to be applied to the RIU; and
wirelessly transmitting the calculated power control value to the RIU,
wherein the average power value PAn is calculated by dividing a power value PE received from the RIU by a transmission interval T, and adding a correction value PO to the resultant value.
9. A reverse power control method for a wireless local loop, comprising:
determining whether packet data is transmitted from a radio interface unit (RIU);
calculating an average power value if data is transmitted;
determining whether further packet data is transmitted from the RIU after calculating the average power value;
calculating a power control value to be applied to the RIU; and
wirelessly transmitting the calculated power control value to the RIU,
wherein the power control value is calculated by dividing a correction value PO by an initial value PT, taking Log10 of the divided value, and multiplying the resultant value by a prescribed scale value.

Show 4 dependent claims

14. A reverse power control method for a wireless local loop, comprising:
determining whether packet data is transmitted from a radio interface unit (RIU) and setting a correction value PO to an initial value PT if the packet data is not transmitted from the RIU, and judging again whether packet data is transmitted;
calculating an average power value packet if data is transmitted;
determining whether further packet data is transmitted from the RIU after calculating the average power value, and if further data is transmitted from the RIU, sending feedback to the step of calculating the average power value;
calculating a power control value to be applied to the RIU, when no further packet data is transmitted from the RIU; and
wirelessly transmitting the calculated power control value to the RIU.

Show 2 dependent claims

17. A wireless communication system, comprising:
a plurality of radio interface units (RIU) configured to transmit and receive data; and
at least one radio port (RP), coupled to send and receive data to and from each of the plurality of RIUs, wherein the RP is configured to calculate an average transmission power of a transmitting one of the plurality of RIUs during a data transmission period, and wherein the RP calculates a power control value at the end of the data transmission period in accordance with the average transmission power, and wherein the RP controls the RIU transmitting power by transmitting the power control value, and
wherein calculating the average transmission power includes calculating an average value of a current transmission interval based on a calculated average power of a previous transmission interval.

Show dependent claim

19. A wireless communication system, comprising:
a plurality of radio interface units (RIU) configured to transmit and receive data; and
at least one radio port (RP), coupled to send and receive data to and from each of the plurality of RIUs, wherein the RP is configured to calculate an average transmission power of a transmitting one of the plurality of RIUs during a data transmission period, and wherein the RP calculates a power control value at the end of the data transmission period in accordance with the average transmission power, wherein the RP controls the RIU transmitting power by transmitting the power control value, and
wherein the average transmission power is calculated by dividing a power value PE received from one of the plurality of RIUs by a transmission interval T, and adding a correction value PO to the resultant value.

Show dependent claim

21. A method of controlling power in a wireless communication system, comprising:
calculating an average transmission power during a data transmission period;
calculating a power control value at the end of the data transmission period based on the average transmission power; and
controlling transmission power in the wireless system using the power control value,
wherein the average transmission power is calculated by adding a correction value to a quotient of an output power divided by the data transmission period.

Show 5 dependent claims

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a power control method for a wireless local loop (hereinafter, WLL), and more particularly, to a reverse power control method of packet data transmission for a WLL.

2. Background of the Related Art

A WLL system is a system which replaces a predetermined portion of a wire communication line between a conventional switching network or public switching telephone network (PSTN) and a general subscriber network by a wireless line. Wire communication techniques adapted to the WLL include using an artificial satellite, using microwaves, using cellular techniques, using the cordless method, and using the WCDMA method.

FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a related art WLL system configuration. The WLL system as illustrated in FIG. 1 includes a plurality of subscriber terminals 10 used for communication by each subscriber and a plurality of radio interface units 20 (hereinafter, RIU) coupled with the plurality of subscriber terminals 10 by a wire interface. Each of the plurality of RIUs 20 is also connected with a radio port 30 (hereinafter RP) by a wireless interface, which provides a relay between both sides. The plurality of RPs 30 are wirelessly coupled with the plurality of RIUs for connecting or disconnecting a bearer. Next, radio port controllers 40 (hereinafter RPC) are wirelessly connected with the plurality of RPs 30 for linking the subscriber of the WLL with a subscriber of another communication network by a call link. Finally, a network management system 50 (hereinafter, NMS) is coupled to the RPC 40 for operating, controlling, maintaining, and repairing the entire WLL system.

FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing additional detail of the RP 30 and the RIU 20. Referring to FIG. 2, the RIU 20 includes an amplifier 22 for amplifying a source data applied from the subscriber terminal 10 to output the same and a first transmitter 24 for modulating a signal outputted from the amplifier 22 into a high frequency to wirelessly transmit the same. It further includes a first receiver 26 for receiving a high frequency signal wirelessly transmitted from the RP 30 and a first demodulator 28 for demodulating the high frequency signal from the first receiver 26 to extract a data.

The RP 30 includes a second receiver 32 for receiving the high frequency signal sent from the RIU 20 and a second demodulator 34 for demodulating the high frequency signal from the second receiver 34 to extract a data. Next, it includes a comparator 35 for comparing a received power value Eb transmitted from the second demodulator 34 with a prescribed reference power value No and calculating a ratio from them. The RP 30 further includes a SELECTOR 36 for mixing a signal controlling the power of the RIU 20 with a transmission data and a second transmitter 38 for modulating a signal outputted from the SELECTOR 36 into a high frequency signal.

In the WLL, the RIUs 20 in the same service area must transmit data at the same power level.

For example, if one of the plurality of RIUs 20 connected with the RP 30 has a relatively high power, this causes an interruption of the other RIUs 20, thereby increasing the framed error rate (FER) of a data. In addition, a call quality is reduced, and accordingly the other RIUs 20 must increase their power competitively in order to maintain their call quality. As a result, the efficiency of the WLL system is reduced. The corresponding RP 30 cannot recognize signal transmission of the corresponding RIU 20 if the power of the RIU 20 is relatively low.

Due to this problem, a method for appropriately controlling the power of the RIU 20 is needed.

FIG. 3 is a view of a related art power control status of a WLL. As illustrated in FIG. 3, the related art RP 30 measures the power of the RIU 20 in 1.25 ms duration, and the NMS 50 monitors and controls the operation of the above reverse power control.

FIG. 4 illustrates a sequential view of the related art reverse power control operation of the WLL.

The operational process of the reverse power control of the WLL in the conventional art includes a first step S10, in which the RP 30 initializes a timer T in order to measure the power outputted from the RIU 20 at a predetermined time interval, for instance, in 1.25 ms duration. Next, in step S20, the timer initialized in step S10 counts up and in step 30, it is determined whether power measuring time (1.25 ms) has passed by the timer in step S20. In step S40, feedback is sent to the count up of step S20 if the power, measuring time (1.25 ms) has not passed by the timer in step S20. Alternatively, if it is determined in step 30 that the measuring time (1.25 ms) has passed, the process proceeds to step S40, where it calculates the following equation 1:
Pm=Eb/No[Equation 1]

Here, Pm is the calculating value, Eb is the received output value, and No is the reference output value.

Next, in step S50, the RP 30 compares a calculated value of Pm with a preset reference value Pr. Then, in a step S60, the power of the RIU 20 is controlled to be down-adjusted by 0.5 dB if the calculating value Pm is larger than the reference value Pr. Alternatively, in step S70, the power of the RIU 20 is controlled to be up-adjusted by 0.5 dB if Pm is not greater than Pr.

As described above, in the related art reverse power control method for a WLL has various problems. For example, since the RP 30 transmits a power control signal continuously to the RIU 20 at predetermined time intervals, much power is consumed and the load of the network system is increased.

The above references are incorporated by reference herein where appropriate for appropriate teachings of additional or alternative details, features and/or technical background.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It is an object of the invention is to solve at least the above problems and/or disadvantages and to provide at least the advantages described hereinafter.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a system and method of controlling reverse power in a WLL that substantially obviates problems caused by disadvantages in the related art.

It is an another object of the present invention to provide a system and method of controlling reverse power in a WLL that reduces the load of a network system.

It is another objection of the present invention to provide a system and method of controlling reverse power in a WLL that avoids unnecessary power consumption by complementing and improving the related an reverse power control method for a WLL.

To achieve at least these objects in whole or in parts, there is provided a reverse power control method for a WLL including the steps of judging whether there is a packet data transmitted from a radio interface unit (RIU) or not, obtaining the average value of power if there is a transmitted data in the above step, judging whether there is further packet data transmitted from the RIU after the calculation of the average value of power, obtaining a power control value to be applied to the RIU, and wirelessly, transmitting the calculated power control value to the RIU.

In addition, as the result of judging whether there is a transmitted packet data, if there is no packet data transmitted from the RIU, the reverse power control method for a WLL further includes a step of setting an initial value PT of a correction value PO and judging again whether there is a transmitted packet data.

As the result of judging whether there is a transmitted packet, if there is a packet data transmitted from the RIU, the reverse power control method for a WLL further includes a step of send a feedback to the step of obtaining the average value of power.

Additional advantages, objects, and features of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and in part will become apparent to those having ordinary skill in the art upon examination of the following or may be learned from practice of the invention. The objects and advantages of the invention may be realized and attained as particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The invention will be described in detail with reference to the following drawings in which like reference numerals refer to like elements wherein:

FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a related art WLL system configuration;

FIG. 2 is a block diagram of the interior of the RP and RIU of FIG. 1;

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